If you have a private well on your property, then you may spend a good deal of time each month maintaining the various parts and pieces of the water system that allows clean water to flow in and through your house. If you notice a specific issue or problem with the well, then you certainly need to take the time to investigate the issue. This is something that needs to be done when you notice your water pressure dropping significantly. While your well pump may be to blame and in need of a replacement, there are several things you want to look at first. After all, the pump is the most difficult part of the system to inspect.
Adjust The Pressure Switch Control Valve
If you notice that low water pressure is paired with a short cycling pump, then there are a few different things that can be happening. While the problem may be the pump itself and the effects of old age and wear and tear, this is not always the case. The issue may be much more simple. The water filter may simply be dirty, so make sure you change it. Also, there may be a loss of water in the tank. When the air bladder forms a hole or when the free air leaks out, the water inside the tank is placed under less stress and this results in poor water pressure, so make sure to look at the air pressure gauge on the tank to see if the readings are correct.
Also, The pressure control switch that is attached to your water holding tank may need to be adjusted. This switch is a small electrical box located near the pressure meter of the system. Basically, look for the electrical components attached to your water tank to find the control valve. You will need to take the cover off from the part so you can access the adjustment nuts. These nuts call for a specific range of pressure within the tank.
There are typically two different posts and nuts within the control switch. Look on the removed casing to see which nut is the cut-on post and which is the cut-off one. The cut-on post and nut is the one that controls the lowest pressure of the tank and calls for pump activation. The cut-off post and nut controls when the pump turns off. The cut-on and cut-off values should be about 20 PSI apart from one another. If you want to raise water pressure, this means that both of the bolts will need to be adjusted. To increase pressure, turn the bolts clockwise. Turn them both four complete turns to see if this helps your water pressure issue.
Investigate Valve And Clog Problems
Sometimes water pressure issues can develop when the well pump is simply not activating as quickly as it should. This results in a delay between the time that water is needed and the time that water is actually pulled up from the well and deposited in the holding tank.
In most cases, the delay is caused by a water pump pressure switch sensor that has been blocked or encrusted with debris. Also, certain valves within the system may be stuck or congested with debris. This can prevent the valves from opening and closing properly. Water may flow back into the well and it may not reach the pressure tank. Partially open valves can result in some pressure loss as well.
Even a clogged pump with dirt and other matter surrounding impellers and inlets can cause some issues.
To resolve clog, valve, and sensor issues, speak with a well specialist about the flushing of the system. An entire system flush from the well through your filters may be required in this case.